Board of Reference
Jonathan Aitken is an author, lecturer, theologian, and former UK political leader. He is a well-known public speaker and has addressed many Orlando audiences, including a 2008 conference organized by The Geneva School.
Mr. Aitken was a member of Parliament in the United Kingdom for twenty-three years and served in the cabinet as chief secretary of the treasury and as defense minister. He is the author of twelve books, including award winning biographies of President Richard M. Nixon, Charles W. Colson, and John Newton. His other titles include Psalms for People Under Pressure, Prayers for People Under Pressure, Pride and Perjury, and Nazarbayev and The Making of Kazakhstan: From Communism to Capitalism.
Mr. Aitken serves on the boards of several non-profit organizations, including Prison Fellowship International, The Trinity Forum Europe, and Caring for Ex-Offenders. He is currently the honorary president of Christian Solidarity Worldwide. Mr. Aitken is internationally known as a campaigner for prison reform and authored and chaired a report commissioned by the Centre for Social Justice: Locked-Up Potential: A Strategy for Reforming Prisons and Rehabilitating Prisoners (2009).
Mr. Aitken is married and has four children.
Michael Cromartie is vice president of the Ethics and Public Policy Center, where he directs both the Evangelicals in Civic Life and Faith Angle Forum programs.
In 2004, Mr. Cromartie was appointed by President George W. Bush and served a six-year term on the US Commission on International Religious Freedom, and was twice named chair of commission. He is also a senior advisor to the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life and a senior fellow with The Trinity Forum. He was an adjunct professor at the Reformed Theological Seminary, an advisory editor of Christianity Today, and served as an advisor to the PBS documentary series With God on Our Side: The Rise of the Christian Right in America. Mr. Cromartie has contributed book reviews and articles to First Things, Books and Culture, Crisis, The Washington Times, The Reformed Journal, Insight, Christianity Today, Stewardship Journal, World, and The Presbyterian Journal.
He is the co-editor with Richard John Neuhaus of Piety and Politics: Evangelicals and Fundamentalists Confront the World (1987) and has edited many other books. He has appeared on numerous radio and television programs and is quoted on issues relating to religion and politics in numerous newspapers and magazines in America and Europe.
Mr. Cromartie is a graduate of Covenant College (GA), and holds an MA in Justice from The American University in Washington, DC. He and his wife Jenny have three children and live in Arlington, Virginia.
Os Guinness is an author, a social critic, and a former senior fellow of the EastWest Institute in New York. He is a co-founder of The Trinity Forum and served as senior fellow from 1991 until 2004. He is a regular speaker and seminar leader at political and business conferences in the United States, Europe, and Asia.
Great-great grandson of Arthur Guinness, the Dublin brewer, Os was born during World War II in China where his parents were medical missionaries. A witness to the climax of the Chinese revolution in 1949 and expelled with many other foreigners in 1951, he returned to Europe and was educated in England. He completed his undergraduate degree at the University of London and his D.Phil. in the social sciences from Oriel College, Oxford.
Dr. Guinness has written or edited more than thirty books, including The American Hour, Time for Truth, The Call, Invitation to the Classics, Long Journey Home, Unspeakable, and A Case for Civility. His latest book, Fool’s Talk: Recovering the Art of Christian Persuasion was published in 2015.
Previously, Dr. Guinness was a freelance reporter with the BBC. Since coming to the United States in 1984, he has been a guest scholar at the Woodrow Wilson Center for International Studies and a guest scholar and visiting fellow at the Brookings Institution. From 1986 to 1989, he served as executive director of the Williamsburg Charter Foundation, a bicentennial celebration of the first amendment.
As a European visitor to the United States and a great admirer but detached observer of American culture today, he stands in the long tradition of outside voices who have contributed so much to America’s ongoing discussion about the state of the union.
He lives with his wife Jenny in McLean, Virginia.
Cherie Harder serves as president of The Trinity Forum. Prior to joining The Trinity Forum in 2008, Ms. Harder served in the White House as special assistant to the president and director of policy and projects for First Lady Laura Bush.
Earlier in her career she served as policy advisor to Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist, advising on domestic social issues and serving as liaison and outreach director to outside groups. From 2001 to 2005, she was senior counselor to the chairman of the National Endowment for the Humanities, where she helped the chairman design and launch the We the People initiative to enhance the teaching, study, and understanding of American history. Prior to that Ms. Harder was the policy director for Senator Sam Brownback and also served as deputy policy director at Empower America.
Ms. Harder has contributed articles to publications including Policy Review, Human Events, the Harvard Political Review, and various newspapers, as well as a chapter on fashion to the volume Building a Healthy Culture (Eerdmans 2001). Her ghost-written speeches and articles have appeared in Vital Speeches of the Day, The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post, USA Today, and others.
She holds an Honors BA (magna cum laude) in government from Harvard University and a post-graduate diploma in literature from the University of Queensland in Brisbane, Australia, where she was a Rotary Scholar. She serves on the board of Gordon College, the Convergence Center for Policy Resolution, and Faith and Law; and on the advisory boards of the National Civic Art Society and the National Museum of American Religion.
Ms. Harder was raised in New Mexico and currently lives in Northern Virginia.
Nathan Hatch became Wake Forest’s thirteenth president on July 1, 2005. He previously served as provost at the University of Notre Dame, where he was the Andrew V. Tackes Professor of History. Throughout his academic career, Dr. Hatch has been drawn to challenges that involve people and building organizations.
He is regularly cited as one of the most influential scholars in the study of the history of religion in America. He received national acclaim for his 1989 book, The Democratization of American Christianity, in which he examines how the rise of religious groups in the early nineteenth century helped shape American culture and foster democracy. He is also the author or editor of seven other books on religion.
Dr. Hatch is an active leader in American higher education and in local and community affairs. He served on the board of the American Council on Education, and is currently the chair of the Division I Board of Directors of the NCAA. He is a past chair of the board of directors of the National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities.
Dr. Hatch grew up in Columbia, South Carolina, where his father was a Presbyterian minister. A graduate of Wheaton College in Illinois, he received his master’s and doctoral degrees from Washington University in St. Louis and held post-doctoral fellowships at Harvard and Johns Hopkins universities. He joined the faculty at Notre Dame in 1975 and was named director of graduate programs in history in 1980.
He and his wife, Julie, have three children and five grandchildren. In the spirit of Wake Forest as one big family, they have also opened up the “garage” of their home as a lounge and meeting place for Wake Forest students.
James Davison Hunter is LaBrosse-Levinson Distinguished Professor of Religion, Culture and Social Theory at the University of Virginia. He completed his doctorate at Rutgers University in 1981 and joined the faculty of the University of Virginia in 1983.
Dr. Hunter has written eight books, edited three books, and published a wide range of essays, articles, and reviews, all variously concerned with the problem of meaning and moral order in a time of political and cultural change in American life. Most recently, he published The Death of Character: Moral Education in an Age without Good or Evil (2000), Is There A Culture War? A Dialogue on Values and American Public Life (with Alan Wolfe, 2006), and To Change the World (2010). These works have earned him national recognition and numerous literary awards.
Since 1995, Dr. Hunter has served as the director of the Institute for Advanced Studies in Culture, a university-based, interdisciplinary research center concerned with understanding contemporary cultural change and its implications for individuals, institutions, and society.
Over the years, his research findings have been presented to audiences on National Public Radio and C-Span, at the National Endowment for the Arts and at dozens of colleges and universities around the country, including Columbia, Harvard, Vanderbilt, Notre Dame, and the New School for Social Research. He also has been a consultant to the White House, the Bicentennial Commission for the US Constitution, the Pew Charitable Trusts, and the National Commission on Civic Renewal.
Timothy Keller was raised in the Lehigh Valley of Pennsylvania and is a graduate of Bucknell University (BA 1972), Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary (MDiv 1975), and Westminster Theological Seminary ( DMin 1981). He became a Christian while at Bucknell University, due in large part to the ministry of InterVarsity Christian Fellowship, with which he later served as a staff member. He was ordained by the Presbyterian Church in America (PCA) and served as a pastor in Virginia for nine years, while also serving Mid-Atlantic Presbytery’s director of church planting for the PCA. He was an associate professor of preaching on the faculty of Westminster Theological Seminary, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania from 1984–1989 while also serving as the director of the Doctor of Ministry program.
Dr. Keller is the founder and senior pastor of Redeemer Presbyterian Church in New York City. He and his wife Kathy, along with their three sons, moved to New York City to plant Redeemer in 1989. Since then the church has grown to a weekly worshipping community of over 5,000 people, meeting at five services in three different rented locations in Manhattan. Dr. Keller’s ministry extends beyond New York City. He is the New York Times best-selling author of The Reason for God, as well as The Prodigal God, Counterfeit Gods, Generous Justice, King’s Cross, The Meaning of Marriage, Walking with God Through Pain and Suffering, Encounters with Jesus, and The Songs of Jesus.
John Lennox is a professor of mathematics at the University of Oxford and Emeritus Fellow in Mathematics and the Philosophy of Science at Green Templeton College, Oxford. He is also an associate fellow of the Said Business School, Oxford University, and teaches for the Oxford Strategic Leadership Programme. In addition, he is an adjunct lecturer at Wycliffe Hall, Oxford University, and at the Oxford Centre for Christian Apologetics, as well as a Trinity Forum Senior Fellow.
He studied at the Royal School Armagh, Northern Ireland, and was exhibitioner and senior scholar at Emmanuel College, Cambridge University, from which he took his MA, MMath, and PhD. He worked for many years in the Mathematics Institute at the University of Wales in Cardiff which awarded him a DSc for his research. He also holds an MA and DPhil from Oxford University and an MA in Bioethics from the University of Surrey. He was a Senior Alexander Von Humboldt Fellow at the Universities of Würzburg and Freiburg in Germany.
He has written a number of books on the interface between science, philosophy and theology. These include God’s Undertaker: Has Science Buried God? (2009), God and Stephen Hawking: Whose Design Is It Anyway? (2011), Gunning for God: Why the New Atheists are Missing the Target (2011), Seven Days that Divide the World (2011), and Against the Flow: The Inspiration of Daniel in an Age of Relativism (2015).
He debated Richard Dawkins on “The God Delusion” at the University of Alabama (2007) and on “Has Science buried God?” at the Oxford Museum of Natural History (2008). He has also debated Christopher Hitchens on the New Atheism (Edinburgh Festival, 2008) and the question of “Is God Great?” (Samford University, 2010), as well as Peter Singer on the topic of “Is there a God?” (Melbourne, 2011). Furthermore, he has participated in public discussions on similar topics with many other academics on campuses around the world.
Dr. Lennox is married to Sally and they live near Oxford.
D. Michael Lindsay serves as the eighth president of Gordon College. President Lindsay earned his undergraduate degree from Baylor University, graduate degrees from Princeton Seminary and Oxford University, and a PhD in sociology from Princeton University. Prior to his appointment as president of Gordon, Dr. Lindsay served on the faculty of Rice University. He is the author of two dozen scholarly publications, including Faith in the Halls of Power and View from the Top.
President Lindsay’s administration has been characterized by significant growth in areas such as total assets, undergraduate and overall enrollment, as well as annual and overall giving. Ten new academic initiatives have been launched in fields including entrepreneurship, early Christian studies, big data, and computational physics. Global programs have taken on new dimensions with establishment of ventures in Hong Kong, Rwanda, and the Balkans, and the development of Gordon Global Internships, which have contributed to a seventy-eight percent increase in internship placements for Gordon students since 2010. The number of international students has doubled, and new strategic partnerships have been forged on four continents.
He is married to Rebecca, a writer and speaker, and they have three daughters.
Ken Myers is the host and producer of the Mars Hill Audio Journal, a bimonthly audio magazine that examines issues in contemporary culture from a framework shaped by Christian conviction. He was formerly the editor of This World: A Journal of Religion and Public Life, a quarterly journal whose editor-in-chief was Richard John Neuhaus. Prior to his tenure at This World, he was executive editor of Eternity magazine.
For eight years, he was a producer and editor for National Public Radio, working for much of that time as arts and humanities editor for the two news programs, Morning Edition and All Things Considered.
Mr. Myers serves as a contributing editor for Christianity Today, and his published writings include All God’s Children and Blue Suede Shoes: Christians and Popular Culture (1989). He is a graduate of the University of Maryland, where he studied film theory and criticism, and of Westminster Theological Seminary in Philadelphia. He is married and has two children, and lives in central Virginia.
Dr. Sanford “Sandy” Shugart has served since 2000 as the fourth president of Valencia College in greater Orlando, Florida. As winner of the first Aspen Prize for Excellence, Valencia is one of the most celebrated community colleges in America. Serving some seventy thousand students per year, Valencia is known for high rates of graduation, transfer, and job placement and has become something of a national laboratory for best practices in learning-centered education. Prior to Valencia, Dr. Shugart served as president of North Harris College and as vice president and chief academic officer of the North Carolina Community College System. He earned his PhD in Teaching and Learning from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. In addition to his career in education, Dr. Shugart is a published poet and songwriter and author of Leadership in the Crucible of Work: Discovering the Interior Life of an Authentic Leader.
Ken Wackes served for thirty-two years as associate minister at Coral Ridge Presbyterian Church and headmaster at Westminster Academy, Fort Lauderdale. He retired from those positions in 2004. He has served as president of the Broward County Nonpublic School Association, president of the Florida Association of Academic Nonpublic Schools, on the board of trustees of Knox Theological Seminary, as a member of the board of trustees of Christian Schools International, as the nonpublic school representative on the Public Liaison Committee of the Florida High School Athletic Association, the Governor’s Special Task Force on Nonpublic Schools. He and his wife also served as missionaries in Papua, Indonesia.
Dr. Wackes is currently the executive director of Christian Schools of Florida and sits on the board of directors of the National Council for Private School Accreditation.
He is a graduate of Nyack College, Jaffray School of Missions, Columbia Theological Seminary, and Vanderbilt University.
He has been married to wife Ruth for over fifty years, and has three married children and ten grandchildren.